Uganda - Global Overview

  • Energy used in commercial and residential buildings accounts for a significant percentage of the total national energy consumption. It is estimated that 40% of the total electricity generated in the region is used in buildings alone, consuming more energy than the transport and industry sectors.
  • The amount of energy used for cooling, heating and lighting is directly related to the building design, building materials, the occupants’ needs and behavior, and the surrounding microclimate. Majority of modern buildings in Sub Saharan Africa (mainly tropical climates) are replicas of buildings designed for the western world (cold and temperate climates) and do not take into consideration the differences in climate. As a result, buildings are heavily reliant on artificial means for indoor comfort, i.e. cooling, heating and lighting.
  • The problem lies mainly in inefficient designs and construction technologies.
  • Sustainable architecture must take into account the climatic diversity within the region that involves the incorporation of key design principles and careful selection of materials to ensure that the buildings meet the users’ comfort requirements.
  • It is against this background that UN-Habitat under the project ‘Energy Efficiency in Buildings in East Africa’ organized a training workshop to discuss the draft handbook on Sustainable Integrated Building Design for Tropical Countries.