Kenya - Other local initiatives

KAM in conjunction with the Ministry Of Energy established the Centre for Energy Efficiency and Conservation(CEEC). The Centre runs energy efficiency and conservation programs designed to help companies identify energy wastage, determine saving potential and give recommendation on measures to be implemented.

The Centre provides professional technical services for developing, designing and implementing energy efficiency projects to suit the needs of commercial, institutional and industrial consumers. The main aim is to reduce cost and enhance competitiveness and profitability while promoting a clean and healthy environment.

It offers subsidized energy auditing services with the support from the government of Kenya (Ministry of Energy) and the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). The Centre runs an energy audit programme which is open to all companies doing business in Kenya and are interested in reducing their energy consumption and increasing profits.


The Energy (Energy Management) Act 2012 was passed through the Energy Regulatory Commission. It requires among other things:

  • All designated energy consuming facilities shall carry out energy audits at least once every three years;
  • All energy audits will be carried out by an energy auditor licensed by ERC;
  • All energy audit reports, Implementation plans and Energy Policies shall be submitted to ERC;
  • The designated facilities will be required to implement at least 50% of the energy audit recommendations within three years.


According to The Energy (Solar Water Heating) Regulations, 2012, it is mandatory for all commercial and residential buildings with a water capacity of 200l per day to install solar hot water heaters. It requires among other things:

  •  All premises within the jurisdiction of local authorities with hot water requirements of a capacity exceeding one hundred litres per day shall install and use solar heating systems;
  • Within a period of five years from the effective date of the Regulations, all existing premises with hot water requirements of a capacity exceeding one hundred litres per day shall install and use solar heating systems;
  • An owner of premises, Architect and an Engineer engaged in the design, construction, extension or alteration of premises shall incorporate solar water heating systems in all new premises designs and extensions or alterations to existing premises;
  • An electric power distributor or supplier shall not provide electricity supply to premises where a solar water heating system has not been installed in accordance with the Regulations;
  • The design, installation, repair and maintenance of a Solar Water Heating System shall be in accordance with the Code of Practice – Solar Water Heating for Domestic Hot Water; Kenya Standard KS 1860:2008 and the Building Code made under the Local Government Act;
  • The Solar Water Heating Regulations will be implemented in liaison with the local authorities responsible for implementing Section NN31.5 of Planning and Building Regulations, 2009;
  • A person shall not undertake any solar water heating system installation work unless the person is licensed by the Energy Regulatory Commission as a solar water heating system technician or a contractor.


The Energy (Solar Photovoltaic Systems) Regulations, 2012 require among other things that:-

  • All persons designing and installing solar PV shall be licensed by ERC;
  • All manufacturers, vendors, distributors and contractors of solar PV systems shall be licensed by ERC;
  • A vendor or contractor shall be responsible for the design and specifications of complete solar PV systems, except in situations where customers purchase individual system components from different vendors in which case the customers shall indicate in the signed system design declaration form that they did not require the said design or specifications from the vendor or contractors;
  • All manufacture, sale, installation, use and disposal of solar PV systems and components shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Environmental Management Coordination Act, No 8 of 1999 and the Occupational Safety and Health Act, No 15 of 2007.  


Following the enactment of new Environmental Management and Co-ordination Act on February 27, 2009, companies now have to obtain approval of projects from the National Environment Management Authority. Projects of all risk categories are subject to approval and an environmental impact assessment (EIA).

The regulation regarding environmental impact assessment approval for Kenya has been in place since 1999. However, in recent years NEMA started enforcing the rules more vigorously. NEMA conducts periodic inspections during the construction. If new projects at the moment of inspection do not have an environmental impact assessment they may order the project be closed and erected objects demolished. Therefore, construction companies are now obtaining the environmental approval before the building is completed.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a critical examination of the effects of a project on the environment. The goal of an EIA is to ensure that decisions on proposed projects and activities are environmentally sustainable. An EIA is conducted in order to identify impacts of a project on the environment, predict likely changes on the environment as a result of the development, evaluate the impacts of the various alternatives on the project and propose mitigation measures for the significant negative impacts of the project on the environment.


The Appropriate Building Materials and Technologies Program (ABMT) established in 2006 by the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (Directorate of Housing) aims to address the high building costs by facilitating the provision of improved and affordable housing. This is done by facilitating the provision of improved and affordable housing in both urban and rural areas. The directorate is establishing one ABT/Regional Centre in Nairobi and eight Centers in other urban centers in the country. Thereafter the centers will be rolled-out to all the 290 constituencies countrywide.


The Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute (KIRDI) is the National Industrial Research, Technology and Innovation Institution under the Ministry of Industrialization and Enterprise Development. It was established in 1979 under the Science and Technology Act Cap.250, Laws of Kenya (which has since been repealed by the Science, Technology and Innovation Act, 2013), as a multidisciplinary Institution to conduct Research and Development in Industrial and Allied Technologies. They have among other departments, they have:

  • The department of Environmental management
  • The department of energy
  • The department of ceramics and Building Materials